Directions to Solve

Each of the following questions contains a small paragraph followed by a question on it. Read each paragraph carefully and answer the question given below it.

1. The attainment of individual and organisational goals is mutually interdependent and linked by a common denominator – employee work motivation. Organisational members are motivated to satisfy their personal goals, and they contribute their efforts to the attainment of organisational objectives as means of achieving these personal goals.

The passage best supports the statement that motivation –
A. encourages an individual to give priority to personal goals over organisational goals.
B. is crucial for the survival of an individual and organisation.
C. is the product of an individual’s physical and mental energy.
D. is the external force which induces an individual to contribute his efforts.
E. makes organisation and society inseparable.

2. Though the waste of time or the expenditure on fashions is very large, yet fashions have come to stay. They will not go, come what may. However, what is now required is that strong efforts should be made to displace the excessive craze for fashion from the minds of these youngsters.

The passage best supports the statement that:
A. fashion is the need of the day.
B. the excessive craze for fashion is detrimental to one’s personality.
C. the hoard for fashion should be done away with so as not to let down the constructive development.
D. work and other activities should be valued more than the outward appearance.

3. Throughout the ages the businessman has helped build civilisation’s great cities, provided people with luxuries and artists with patronage, and lift his fellow citizens to understand the standard of living. In the last few centuries the businessman has seeded the Industrial Revolution around the world.

The passage best supports the statement that the businessman –
A. is accountable to the society.
B. lives luxurious and comfortable life.
C. is the beneficiary of the Industrial Revolution.
D. is capable of raising his standard of living.
E. has contributed to the growth of civilisation.

4. The virtue of art does not allow the work to be interfered with or immediately ruled by anything other than itself. It insists that it alone shall touch the work in order to bring it into being. Art requires that nothing shall attain the work except through art itself.

This passage best supports the statement that:
A. art is governed by external rules and conditions.
B. art is for the sake of art and life.
C. art is for the sake of art alone.
D. artist realises his dreams through his artistic creation.
E. artist should use his art for the sake of society.

5. Exports and imports, a swelling favourable balance of trade, investments and bank-balances, are not an index or a balance sheet of national prosperity. Till the beginning of the Second World War, English exports were noticeably greater than what they are today. And yet England has greater national prosperity today than it ever had. Because the income of average Englishmen, working as field and factory labourers, clerks, policemen, petty shopkeepers and shop assistants, domestic workers and other low-paid workers, has gone up.

The passage best supports the statement that:
A. a country’s economic standard can be best adjudged by per capital income.
B. a country’s balance of trade is the main criteria of determining its economic prosperity.
C. a nation’s economy strengthens with the increase in exports.
D. English trade has continually increased since the Second World War.

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