“The biggest rights in the world are achieved through service and sacrifice.” Premchand.
Rights and Duties are correlative and are not mutually exclusive. A right is an interest, an advantage, a claim or privilege which is recognized as well as protected.
Today’s world is another Great Grimpen Mire in the ominous darkness of which one only hears confused protestations and cries of alarm to ensure each one’s rights. Old and young , high and low, men and women all clamour for their rights unmindful of any genuine reason for the same.
The concept of Right and Duty can be looked upon in similarity with the concept of action and reaction. As was put forward in Newton’s third Law of motion that ‘to every action, there would be every action and reaction”. In the same way, Rights and Duties are correlated to each other in such a way that they cannot be conceived of without the other. In other words, the existence of the one depends on the existence of the other as there can be no child without a father and no father without a child. A right is always against someone upon whom the correlative duty is imposed. In the same way a duty is always towards someone in whom the correlative right vests.
Science has given us knowledge but not wisdom; it has given us comfort but not happiness. Liberalism has only made us conscious of our rights, it has failed to render happiness. Our ancestors were much happier than us since they emphasized on duty. Now, there has been a shifting of emphasis from duties to rights which has only afforded to give momentary pleasure but not happiness.
Democracy is a government by consent. In an election, a candidate sees that his rights to stand for election are protected. However if he shirks from his duty after being elected, the much canvassed right is curtailed by the same person. In fact the very basis of democracy lies in the fact that each citizen should try to do what he is capable of doing without waiting for others to perform the same work .
The concept of rights and duties going together teaches us a golden rule that if you have got the right of not getting hurt by somebody, you have a corresponding duty not to hurt others. A substantial part of happiness and friendliness will return to the globe if man starts recognizing the significance of the concept of rights and duties going together. Then the world around us will bloom with joy and fraternity which should have been there but are missing at present.
The statement given below sums up the entire discussion in one line.
‘Duties are where Rights lie.’