Saturday Session (25th July 2015) on Fundamentals of Geography By Mr. Abhishek Juneja

Indian Geographical Location

• Lying between latitude 4’ N to 37°6’ N and from longitude 68°7_’E to 97°25’ E, the country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (passes from Jabalpur in MP).

• The southernmost point in Indian Territory, (in Great Nicobar Island) is the Indira Point (6°45’), while Kanyakumari, also known as Cape Comorin, is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. The country thus lies wholly in the northern and eastern hemispheres.

• The 82°30’ E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Meridian of India, as it passes through the middle of India (from Naini, near Allahabad).

Area Geography & Boundaries Geography

  1. India stretches 3,214 km from North to South & 2,933 km from East to West.
  2. Geography Area of India : 32,87,263 sq. km. Accounts for 2.4% of the total world area and roughly 16% of the world population.
  1. Mainland India has a coastline of 6,100 km. Including the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the coastline measures about 7516.6 km.
  1. In India, of the total land mass:

Plains Geography: 43.3%

Plateaus: 27.7%

Hills: 18.6%

Mountains Geography: 10.7%

  1. In the South, on the eastern side, the Gulf of Mannar & the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka.
  2. Total land neighbours: 7 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar).
  3. India’s Islands include the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep, Minicoy & Amindive

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DSC05506 1024x684 - Best SSC, CDS, Bank, OTA, AFCAT, NDA Coaching in Dehradun
Saturday Session on Fundamentals of Geography By Mr. Abhishek Juneja

DSC05501 1024x684 - Best SSC, CDS, Bank, OTA, AFCAT, NDA Coaching in Dehradun

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